What Is Decentralized Wireless (DeWi) and How It Works

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Decentralized Wireless technology, also known as DeWi, is an alternative to the traditional mobile infrastructure. It’s a telecommunication model without centralized control. Traditional telecom service providers install large and small stations to distribute mobile networks.
This model deals with several problems: higher costs for hardware development and operation, limited infrastructure in remote locations, and risks with unauthorized access. DeWi offers community-driven mobile network management to revolutionize the way communication networks work. 

How Does DeWi Work?

Decentralized networks are based on blockchain to enable secure, transparent, and peer-to-peer communication between devices. Individuals and organizations can deploy wireless devices (hotspots) to provide network coverage and earn token rewards in return. To connect to the internet via DeWi networks, people can use WiFi, Bluetooth, or a certain P2P network. The way to access P2P networking may vary for different phones; typically, crypto smartphones have built-in support for P2P networking, while other phones may require third-party applications. The DeWi movement started in 2019, with the launch of the Helium Network. The project introduced a token reward model for network coverage and has grown in popularity over time. Its Low Power Wide Area Networking (LoRaWAN) creates connections between devices and the Helium Network. 
Data transfer diagram. Source: Helium Docs

Data transfer diagram. Source: Helium Docs

What Are the Advantages of DeWi?

The fundamental idea behind DeWi is community-driven networks, where members contribute resources to the infrastructure and share the responsibility of providing internet access. DeWi carries the core principles of Web3, offering the following advantages over the traditional mobile infrastructure: 

Security and Privacy 

Based on blockchain, DeWi offers users improved security and privacy. Through data encryption, DeWi protects users' privacy and prevents unauthorized access. Traditional wireless networks rely on a centralized point of control, which makes them vulnerable to attacks. DeWi’s decentralized structure results in more resilience. 


DeWi’s open-access deployment ensures more inclusive mobile internet. Everyone can contribute to the network and provide connectivity in remote and underserved areas. Thus, businesses operating in rural locations or having bad connectivity can reach more people, and individuals get access to online work and education opportunities. 

Global Coverage 

DeWi networks allow efficient data transmission regardless of the location of a device,leveraging a spectrum of technologies including cellular, 5G, hybrid, IoT, WiFi, Bluetooth, and P2P networks.

Token Incentives 

DeWi networks use a token reward approach to financially motivate community members to complete verifiable work and expand coverage. Users provide their hardware for network operations and earn returns for their investments. In addition, operators earn fees based on data transactions. This token economics attracts more hardware operators, ensuring network efficiency.

Low Operational Costs 

DeWi operates without intermediaries, and it doesn’t require resources for building and maintaining a network. The community-driven development approach results in lower operational costs.

What Does the Future of Decentralized Wireless Look Like?

Together with existing wireless technologies, DeWi is set to make the internet more accessible around the world. The technology is growing, with different telecom companies integrating DeWi into their services. There is a growing number of partnerships between traditional infrastructure providers and DeWi projects. With new solutions, partnerships, and use cases, DeWi has the potential to improve mobile connectivity worldwide. 

Web3 writer and crypto HODLer with a keen interest in market trends and recent technologies.